According to the World Health Organization, there’s not a specific definition of mental well-being.
But various studies agree that achieving a state of mental well-being includes being able to:
Realize one's full potential
Cope with normal stresses of life
Contribute meaningfully to one’s community
Mental well-being includes mental health, but goes far beyond treating mental illnesses. One main roadblock that employees face when it comes to their mental well-being is chronic stress, which can lead to lack of sleep, which, in turn, can exacerbate workplace stress.
Tackling Workplace Stress
Nearly 80% of Americans consider their jobs stressful. While it may not be possible to eliminate job stress altogether for your employees, you can help them learn how to manage it effectively.
Common job stressors include a heavy workload, intense pressure to perform at high levels, job insecurity, long work hours, excessive travel, office politics and conflicts with co-workers.
In fact, according to the American Institute of Stress, 46% of employees report that their workload was the biggest cause of their workplace stress, and 1 in 4 employees view their jobs as the top stressor in their life.
Moreover, work-related stress is more strongly associated with illness and health complications than financial or familial stress.
Lowering stress can lower the risk of medical conditions and can help employees feel better on a day-to-day basis. You can implement various activities to help reduce employee stress, which can improve health and morale - and productivity. As an employer, you can take several steps to help employees reduce their work-related stress and achieve mental well-being.
Make sure that workloads are appropriate.
Have managers meet regularly with employees to facilitate communication.
Address negative and illegal actions in the workplace immediately - do not tolerate bullying, discrimination or any other similar behaviors.
Recognize and celebrate employees’ successes. This contributes to morale and decreases stress levels.
Aside from addressing job-related issues, you can implement a variety of activities and initiatives to help reduce stress.
Some suggestions include the following:
Provide a designated space where employees can sit quietly and use meditation to alleviate their stress.
Offer exercise classes - exercise is a great way to relieve and even prevent stress. Offer a variety of class times (e.g., before and after work, or during lunch) as well as various types of classes - such as yoga and kickboxing.
Provide employees with the education and tools to manage time and tasks, to cope with daily stressors and to prevent stress from damaging their health. You can present a stress management class or provide educational materials.
Establish and promote an EAP. If an employee is significantly stressed, it’s possible that they may seek unhealthy ways to cope with their stress. Offering an EAP can help employees get the help they need.
Additionally, the U.S. Surgeon General recommends that employers:
Implement organizational changes to reduce employee stress, including redefining roles and responsibilities, as well as providing reasonable accommodations, including flexible scheduling and telecommuting.
Include mental health services as a covered benefit under their health insurance and encourage employees to take advantage of such benefits.
Another thing that employers can do is offer healthy food options at work. A study from the United Kingdom revealed that eating lots of fruits and vegetables is beneficial to your overall mental health. If you combine these recommended initiatives, you’re more likely to see positive results and a higher ROI than if you only offer one initiative focused on mental well-being.
By giving your employees the tools and resources they need to reduce their workplace stress, you can help them be well on their way toward achieving a state of mental well-being. Openly communicate your organization’s commitment to cultivating the mental well-being of your employees.
Too often, employees don’t seek out mental health services because they feel ashamed. By communicating your commitment to mental well-being, you will incorporate into your organization’s culture and everyday way of life. Doing so will help encourage employees to seek the services they need.
Preventing Workplace Bullying
Workplace bullying can take many forms - it can be directed at specific people or related to certain work activities. Specific definitions of bullying vary, but many describe it as negative behavior targeted at an individual, or individuals, persistently over time.
Workplace bullying can include, but is not limited to, the following:
Ignoring or excluding
Assigning unachievable tasks
Spreading malicious rumors or gossip
Delegating meaningless or unpleasant tasks
Making belittling remarks
Undermining co-worker integrity
Withholding information deliberately
Degrading others in public
Bullying can cause psychological health problems, such as depression, and physical health problems, such as sleep difficulties or stomach pains.
In general, targets of bullying feel a sense of isolation. In some cases, workplace bullying can leave the victim so traumatized that they feel powerless, disoriented, confused and helpless.
Workplace bullying can also result in:
Decreased productivity: Bullying directly affects a victim’s confidence and is likely to decrease his or her productivity at work. Victims may also experiences high anxiety, which can be very distracting and debilitating. Reduced productivity is bad for business and can lead you to discipline the employee, take away responsibilities or possibly terminate him or her. You may not realize the employee is being bullied, and therefore do not have the chance to offer any counseling or other assistance.
Increased absenteeism: A bullied employee may go to great lengths to avoid a high-stress situation at work. Calling in sick or using a large amount of paid time off at once are common tactics used to avoid a bully. Other employees may have to make up the extra work, possibly resulting in overtime, complaints or even more bullying behavior. An excessive number of lost working days benefits no one.
Tarnished reputation: Victims of bullying are likely to talk to friends or family about what is going on and how they feel about it. This information can spread quickly and sour your company’s public image. A poor public image is especially destructive to a company that depends on the public for patronage, such as a restaurant or a landscaping company. A negative image can also deter jobseekers from applying to your company, making it more difficult to recruit new employees.
Workplace bullying is a common occurrence, and it’s up to your organization to develop strategies and policies to deter it from occurring. You can control the risk of bullying in your workplace by following these tips:
Develop a workplace bullying policy and follow it. Use clear language to define what behavior your company considers to be bullying:
Include information on how to report bullying.
Document, investigate and follow up on every report of bullying.
Make it clear that employees will not be retaliated against for reporting bullying.
Establish expectations of appropriate behavior and the consequences for employees who fail to comply with those expectations.
Provide training, education, information and awareness on workplace bullying for all employees.
Provide clear job descriptions that include an outline of the specific roles and responsibilities for each position within the workplace.
Addressing Fatigue in the Workplace
According to a study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 38 percent of American workers surveyed experienced “low levels of energy, poor sleep or a feeling of fatigue” during their past two weeks at work.
Workers who are fatigued in the workplace are less productive, less focused, experience more health problems and are more likely to be involved in a job-related safety incident.
In addition, fatigue causes more absences from work, both from the tiredness itself and also from accompanying medical problems.
Fatigue in the workplace is a serious problem. Fatigued individuals are less productive, less focused, have more medical problems, are absent more often and are more likely to be involved in a job-related safety incident.
Fatigue management can be a relatively easy and inexpensive wellness initiative to help alleviate this problem among your employees.
Here’s some simple ideas to consider:
Offer employee educational materials to address the general issue of fatigue, including why getting adequate sleep is so important and tips for getting better sleep.
Cultivating certain habits can contribute to a better night’s sleep. Encourage employees to eat nutritiously, exercise regularly and limit their consumption of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine.
If sleep disorders are an issue for your workforce, consider offering counseling or referrals for treatment.
These general changes in the workplace can also effectively address fatigue and its accompanying risks:
Install proper lighting, designate quiet break areas and offer healthy food options in break rooms.
Consider adjusting policies to allow for more frequent and restful breaks.
Use machinery and equipment that eliminates or reduces any excessive physical demands of your employees. This can include ergonomic furniture and anti-fatigue matting.
Ask employees what time(s) of the day they are most tired, and think of ways to address those times (e.g., offering a short extra break, providing a healthy snack option or allowing them to listen to music). This is especially important for employees who work in safety-sensitive jobs, where fatigue is a major hazard.
Take a look at your individual job descriptions and workloads as well to see if there may be a reason why a certain person or department may be struggling with fatigue.
If you see that a job description is unbalanced or has had responsibilities added to it over the years, consider the following:
Redesign the job to include a variety of mental and physical tasks instead of all physical or all mental.
Eliminate any excessive demands from a job either by deeming them unnecessary or sharing those responsibilities with another employee.
Introduce job rotation in an effort to limit both mental and physical boredom and fatigue.
Providing Caregiving Support
As the baby-boom generation continues to age, it’s likely that younger employees will take on caregiver responsibilities.
Of the 129 U.S. benefits managers surveyed by the Northeast Business Group on Health and AARP, 66% agree that caregiving will become an important issue to their workers over the next five years.
45% of these managers say that caregiving benefits are one of their top 10 priorities for health and benefits issues.
According to a survey by the National Alliance for Caregiving and UnitedHealthcare, a large number of employees may be “closet caregivers” who fear that their boss or organization will think they’re not committed to their job if they also provide care for a loved one.
This stressor, in addition to the stressors of working while taking care of an ill, elderly or disabled loved one, can lead to employees experiencing chronic stress. Chronic stress is not only bad for your employees and their well-being, but also for your organization and it’s bottom line.
Implementing caregiving benefits has been a step taken by many employers across the country to help alleviate some of the stressors caregiving employees face. By offering caregiving benefits at your organization, you will not only establish a culture that’s supportive of caregivers but you’ll also be giving your employees the tools they need to effectively manage their dual responsibilities.
Evaluating Your Group Benefits Offerings
In addition to rolling out new initiatives to support mental well-being at your organization, you should look to benefits you offer to ensure that they support mental well-being, too.
Evaluate your current health plan designs. Do they cover mental health services? Evaluate your programs and policies. Do you have an EAP? Do you have a policy regarding workplace bullying or flexible scheduling? What about paid time off policy that includes mental health days?
Reviewing the offerings that your organization provides is essential to creating a culture that supports employee mental well-being.
In similar fashion, look to see what voluntary benefits you can offer to support mental well-being.
Consider offering simple perks like financial planning assistance (as financial stress often contributes to poor mental health), employee discount programs (where employees can receive gym memberships or stress-reducing massages or acupuncture at a lower cost) and EAPs to support your employees.
Don’t Underestimate Management Training
One of the most significant problems hindering mental well-being at work is the stigma that surrounds mental health.
Despite the recent moves in society toward destigmatizing mental health, issues still persist. To ensure that no stigma surrounding mental health exists at your organization, it’s important that you properly train management in recognizing the signs of mental illness, excessive workplace stress, workplace bullying and fatigue.
Moreover, managers should be trained to handle potentially difficult conversations with employees surrounding their mental health.
Ultimately, they should be prepared to speak openly about mental well-being rather than avoiding the topic.
Mental Health Benefits and Group Health Insurance
There are a number of ways you can incorporate mental health benefits into your overall group health insurance plan. Talk to our Group Health Advisor today to learn more about mental health benefits, and how they can be included in your group health plan. Call us at (330) 334-1561 or email our Director of Worksite Benefits, Ty Reid at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Components of this article were adapted from Zywave. This is not intended to be exhaustive nor should any discussion or opinions be construed as legal advice. Readers should contact legal counsel or an insurance professional for appropriate advice.